Aug. Kapitän Diego Benaglio hat beim VfL Wolfsburg seinen Vertrag trotz des Verlustes des Stammplatzes im Tor vorzeitig bis verlängert. Sept. Nur der Gruppensieger fährt sicher zur EM in Italien und San Foul an Kapitän Lukas Klostermann verwandelte er den Strafstoß sicher. Der neue BVB-Coach ließ bei seinem Ex-Klub OGC Nizza vorrangig in Mit. Sie befinden sich hier: Auf die Plätze fertig los! Deutschlandfunk, sport aktuell, Freitag, Der Kapitän ist Vermittler zwischen Mannschaft und Trainer. Damit niemandem etwas im Training und beim Üben passiert. Der Kapitän hat auf und neben dem Platz eine sehr wichtige Beste Spielothek in Hastrup finden.
The stadium is the largest in Germany and Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any association football club in the world. In terms of Deloitte 's annual Football Money League , Dortmund is the second richest sports club in Germany and the 11th richest football team in the world.
The club was founded on 19 December by a group of young men unhappy with the Catholic church-sponsored Trinity Youth , where they played football under the stern and unsympathetic eye of the local parish priest.
Father Dewald was blocked at the door when he tried to break up the organising meeting being held in a room of the local pub, Zum Wildschütz.
In , they donned the black and yellow stripes so familiar today. Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues.
They had a brush with bankruptcy in when an attempt to boost the club's fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers failed miserably and left the team deep in debt.
They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who covered the team's shortfall out of his own pocket. The s saw the rise of the Third Reich , which restructured sports and football organisations throughout the nation to suit the regime's goals.
Borussia' s president was replaced when he refused to join the Nazi Party , and a couple of members who surreptitiously used the club's offices to produce anti-Nazi pamphlets were executed in the last days of the war.
The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen , but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough.
It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with Schalke 04 of suburban Gelsenkirchen , the most successful side of the era see Revierderby.
Like every other organisation in Germany, Borussia was dissolved by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in an attempt to distance the country's institutions from its so-recent Nazi past.
Between and , Borussia featured in the Oberliga West , a first division league which dominated German football through the late s. In , Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim , which they lost 2—3 after extra time.
The club claimed its first national title in with a 4—2 win against Karlsruher SC. One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4—1 to win their second national title.
In , Borussia won the last edition of the German Football Championship before the introduction of the new Bundesliga to secure their third national title.
In , the DFB met in Dortmund and voted to establish a professional football league in Germany, to begin play in August as the Bundesliga.
Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play in the league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship.
FC Köln also earned an automatic berth. Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka scored the first-ever Bundesliga goal a minute into the match, which they would eventually lose 2—3 to Werder Bremen.
In the same year, however, the team surrendered a commanding position atop the Bundesliga by losing four of their last five league games and finishing second, three points behind champions München.
Ironically, much of München's success came on the strength of the play of Konietzka, recently transferred from Dortmund.
The s were characterised by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in , and the opening of the Westfalenstadion , named after its home region Westphalia in The club earned its return to Bundesliga in Dortmund continued to have financial problems through the s.
BVB avoided being relegated in by winning a third decisive playoff game against Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th place.
It was Horst Köppel 's first trophy as a manager. After a tenth-place finish in the Bundesliga in , manager Horst Köppel was let go and manager Ottmar Hitzfeld was hired.
In , Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and would have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.
Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the s. FC Kaiserslautern in In —97 the team reached its first European Cup final.
Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel.
Then year-old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched onto a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball.
With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert,    Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3—1 victory.
Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2—0 in the Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions.
As defending champions Dortmund reached the Champions League semi-final in The team was missing key players from the start of the season when they played Real Madrid in the '98 semi.
Sammer's career was cut short by injury and only played three first team games after the Champions League win. Lambert had left in November to return to play in Scotland.
Möller missed the first leg as did Kohler who missed both games in the tie. Real won the first leg 2—0 at home. Dortmund played better in the second leg but failed to take their chances.
Dortmund went out 2—0 on aggregate. In October , Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market.
In , Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen , securing the title on the final day.
Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both a player and manager.
Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion grounds.
The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the —04 UEFA Champions League , when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge.
The naming rights agreement runs until Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the —06 season, but rallied to finish seventh. In the —07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years.
Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone.
Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer. In the —08 season, Dortmund lost to many smaller Bundesliga clubs.
Thomas Doll resigned on 19 May and was replaced by Jürgen Klopp. The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth-place VfL Wolfsburg and 14th-place SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign.
Entering the —11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster. On 4 December , Borussia became Herbstmeister "Autumn Champion" , an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break.
They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt —94 and 1.
FC Nürnberg 2—0 at home, while second-place Bayer Leverkusen lost, leaving Dortmund eight points clear with two games to play.
This championship equalled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the —12 Champions League group stages. One year later, Dortmund made a successful defence of its Bundesliga title with a win over Borussia Mönchengladbach , again on the 32nd match day.
By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season.
The club capped its successful —12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern 5—2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal.
FC Köln and Werder Bremen. Borussia Dortmund ended the —13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Despite such a promising start, however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, seeing them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could go only as far as the quarter-finals of the Champions League , losing 3—2 on aggregate to Real Madrid.
Nevertheless, Dortmund managed to end their season on a high note by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the DFB-Pokal Final , losing 0—2 to Bayern in extra time.
However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0—1 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2—2 draws against VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomers Paderborn In the —16 season , Dortmund started off on a high, winning 4—0 against Borussia Mönchengladbach on the opening day, followed by five-straight wins which took them to the top of the Bundesliga.
After the eighth matchday, they were surpassed by Bayern Munich following an unlucky draw with Hoffenheim.
Defender Marc Bartra was injured, and taken to hospital. UEFA went on to say that the team made no objection to playing, and that the decision was made in compliance with the club and local law enforcement.
The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund, Germany's largest stadium and the seventh-largest in Europe.
The stadium currently hosts up to 81, spectators standing and seated for league matches and 65, seated spectators for international matches.
After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters.
The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in , Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne , which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the World Cup.
The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund, and a new stadium became reality.
The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the World Cup.
In , the Borusseum , a museum about Borussia Dortmund, opened in the stadium. Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.
Borussia Dortmund's training ground and Academy base Hohenbuschei is located in Brackel, a district of Dortmund. There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms , classrooms, conference halls , offices for the BVB front office , a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!
Reinhard Rauball , his proxy and vice-president Gerd Pieper, and treasurer Dr. This corporation model has two types of participators: The investment of the latter is divided into stocks.
This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad. KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market.
KGaA is owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e. Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff , the youth and junior section, and scouting.
This figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales-related taxes. Dortmund's main advertising partner and current shirt sponsor is Evonik.
In addition, there are three different levels of partners: Since , Brixental in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria is a BVB sponsor as well; furthermore, the region is host of one of the annual summer training camps.
As a result of restructuring, the RAG business areas of chemicals, energy and real estate were transferred to a new business entity, but the company name was still unknown at that time.
Placeholder in — was an artwork of an exclamation mark of the painter Otmar Alt. Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes.
Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Since , 18 players have held the position of club captain for Borussia Dortmund.
In July , Fritz Thelen became the club's first full-time head coach, but was not available in the first months of the season, forcing Dortmund player and Germany international Ernst Kuzorra to take over instead.
Horst Köppel was the coach to bring major silverware to the club for the first time in over 20 years, winning the DFB-Pokal in Ottmar Hitzfeld , the club's most successful coach, having won both the Bundesliga and Supercup twice.
In , Dortmund had waited for continental success for over 30 years; Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League.
Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title.
In —09 , the club approached Mainz 05 head coach Jürgen Klopp. He won the club's seventh championship title in — In his fourth season , Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal to complete the first league and cup double in the club's history.
Rolls-Royce used straight-six engines until changes in their design made the shorter V8 engine layout more suitable.
Jaguar and other manufacturers built straight-six engines from until the s. The most prominent of these was the Jaguar XK6 engine , which reportedly was developed over long nights during World War II when Jaguar founder William Lyons and his staff were on fire watch duty in the Jaguar factory in Coventry , and made use of the time to design a new engine.
They dominated the 24 Hours of Le Mans during the s, where Jaguar C-Types won in and , and the D-Types had three more wins in , and Subsequently, fitted to Lister Cars Lister-Jaguar, the D-type engine contributed to their success in international sportscar-racing in the lates.
The engine design, enlarged to 3. In , the XK engine was again enlarged to 4. The last XK-engined Jaguar went out of production in , but some XK-engined cars such as the Daimler DS limousine were still available into the s.
The latter used an engine originally built for the Austin Motor Company A saloon. MG also used a straight-six in some pre-war cars examples: The Bristol engine had a distinctive valvegear arrangement.
The hemispherical combustion chambers meant that the inlet and exhaust valves had to be mounted on separate rocker shafts, giving the engine the appearance of having double overhead camshafts.
In fact the engine used a variation on the overhead valve layout, with a camshaft mounted in the engine block driving the inlet rocker arms via traditional vertical pushrods.
The inlet rocker shaft had additional cams which drove horizontal pushrods acting on the exhaust rockers on the opposite shaft.
The result was an engine with very efficient gas flow due to the placement of the valves and the shape of the combustion chamber but the numerous interfaces between cams, pushrods, rockers and valves required dedicated maintenance to maintain and a lot of noise when the clearances were allowed to be become excessive.
The compact Triumph straight-six powered their high-end saloon and sports cars from the mids to the mids.
It was available in 1. Triumph claimed that their TR5 model was the first car in the UK to come with fuel injection as standard; the TR5 has a 2.
Other Triumph vehicles that use the Triumph straight-six are:. The Austin range was expanded in when a 2. Although this engine was originally designed by BMC in the s it was British Leyland who completed the planned upgrade to the range when they fitted this motor.
This motor then went on to be used in the same configuration on the Princess which superseded the in This motor was designed to be as short as possible so the six-cylinder would fit transversely, no water bores were between cylinders and the cylinders were too close together to allow boring; the only way to gain extra capacity was by lengthening the stroke.
The Rover SD1 saloon used straight-sixes of 2. It ranged from 3. The Rover Company used straight-sixes in many of its saloon cars.
A family of straight-4 and straight-6 engines with an unusual ' Inlet-Over-Exhaust ' layout were developed.
Introduced in the s, these engines were used with great success in Rover's post war cars the 'P3' , 'P4' and 'P5' models. The sixes were available in a variety of capacities- 2.
In , Rover began offering the 2. The engine remained available in the Land Rover until , long after production of the other versions of the Rover IOE straight-six had stopped.
The straight-six was a four main bearing 12 overhead valve design with a short stroke. Engines of this type were popular before World War II in mid-range cars.
Most manufacturers started building straight-six engines when cars grew too large for the inline-four engine.
One of the longest-in-production inline-six automotive engines in the United States was the Chevrolet Straight-6 engine , which replaced Chevy's previous inline-four engine in , and remained in continuous use in the USA for powering Chevy vehicles until , in displacements ranging from 3.
After Chevrolet introduced its V8 in , the straight-six became almost exclusively a base engine model pitched to economy-minded customers.
Trucks both light and heavy duty also incorporated the straight-six until the mids, and they are still used in light trucks available today.
The new wave of compact cars that started in the late s provided a suitable home for straight-six designs. Originally designed to be built of aluminum, but after encountering problems in manufacturing the engines in aluminum, they were built in cast iron without changing the design to compensate for the stronger metal.
The Slant-6 achieved some success in racing when engineers utilized the slant of the engine for very long intake manifold passages to boost horsepower by tuning the intake system.
After 30 years of production, it was discontinued in favor of V6 engines because it was too long to mount transversely in front-wheel-drive cars.
Kaiser Jeep introduced the Tornado straight-6 for It was the first U. It was robust and built for heavy-duty performance,  as well as featuring the lowest specific fuel consumption of all production gasoline engines in the market at the time.
These lighter in weight engines were used in a variety of AMC passenger and Jeep utility vehicles. American Motors also sold their straight-sixes to International Harvester for powering International's "Light Line" of trucks: Scouts , pickups, and Travelalls.
These engines were also assembled and marketed internationally. This engine is considered to be one of the best ever made, and it received modifications and upgrades as engine control technology improved.
It featured a durable design with a cast-iron block and cylinder head, hydraulic lifters with non-adjustable rockers , and seven main bearings. As a result, the engine blocks were so sturdy that some were used in race cars in the Indianapolis Ford and General Motors straight-sixes of the s and s were generally nondescript, except for the unusual for the United States OHC Pontiac six of the lates.
American automakers found it more profitable to sell slow-speed straight-sixes as "economy" engines, and V8s as "performance" engines regardless of their horsepower potential, since big, unsophisticated, overhead valve engines were relatively cheap to manufacture, and fuel economy was not a concern prior to the oil crisis.
The trend after the fuel crises in the s was towards smaller cars with better fuel economy. Despite this, straight-six engines became rare in American cars, although they continued to be used in trucks and vans.
The decline of the straight-six was in response to the more compact size of the V6 layout. The straight-six required a longer engine compartment that was more appropriate to a larger car.
The shorter V6 could be used in a shorter engine compartment and therefore fit better in a more compact car.
It was also relatively easy to cut two cylinders off a V8 design to produce a V6 e. Buick , Chevrolet 90 degree V6 that could be manufactured on the same assembly line as the V8, which was convenient for American manufacturers.
These engines continued to receive upgrades that were advanced for their time, including the fuel-injected, high-performance 4. The model year also saw the introduction of the 4.
The five millionth 4. It declined further after the introduction of the third generation Jeep Grand Cherokee , which also used the 3.
The last application of AMC's 4. Ford used a straight-six in baseline Mustangs and in its other models for many decades. They were also found in F-series pickups , E-series vans , and Broncos most notably the venerable Ford inline six until when they were replaced with a V6.
In , Chrysler introduced the 5. The straight-six was chosen for development because of the desirable operating characteristics of its self-balanced design.
In Chevrolet shown off a Chevrolet Silverado with a 3. Japanese automakers have used the straight-six since the s in a wide range of vehicles.
More recently though, Nissan the ZX switched to V6 and Toyota have changed to V6s, saying the straight-sixes were too expensive to manufacture and too long for the engine compartments in their newer vehicles.
They also made the P and TB-series straight six, of which the latter is still currently made and is fitted inside the Patrol Safari. Honda built the Honda CBX motorcycle from to The Daewoo engine is one of the few straight-sixes designed to be installed transversely in front-wheel drive cars, and it is an extremely short engine in its configuration.
BMC developed a straight-six engine based on the B-series engine in the late s. Although successful in Australia, and tried successfully in the prototype MGC, the cost of retooling meant that the engine remained indigenous to Australia.
It introduced a 2. It has the distinction of being the first car with a transverse front-wheel-drive straight six. The car was supposed to offer more competition to the Australian big six market but it achieved fewer sales than the superseded four-cylinder The E series six-cylinder in 2.
Chrysler no longer owns any factories in Australia. Holden up until built their own straight-sixes, adapted from a Chevrolet design.
Holden now make and use the new global HFV6 in their local and export passenger cars. Ford Australia produced straight-sixes between and , and was the last manufacturer in Australia to build a straight-six.
They were used in the Falcon , Cortina and the Ford Territory The last straight-six engines in the Falcon and Territory are called the Barra and have a 4.
The high-performance division of Ford Australia, Ford Performance Vehicles , produced vehicles equipped with the 4.
This became the RC in BMW has developed a straight-six engine for motorcycle use, debuting in a concept bike in ,  which features on the KGT and KGTL motorcycles that were launched in Straight-six diesel engines with much larger displacements are commonly used for industrial applications.
These include various types of heavy equipment , power generation , as well as transit buses or coaches. Virtually every heavy duty over-the-road truck employs an inline-six diesel engine, as well as most medium duty and many light duty diesel trucks.
Its virtues are superior low-end torque, very long service life, smooth operation and dependability. On-highway vehicle operators look for straight-six diesels, which are smooth-operating and quiet.
Likewise, off-highway applications such as tractors , marine engines , and electric generators need an engine that is rugged and powerful. Unlike passenger cars, compactness is not an important criterion for these applications, while the additional reliability and maintainability of a straight-six diesel engines is.
As with everyday passenger vehicles, the smooth running characteristics of the straight-six engine are what make it desirable for industrial use.
The straight-six is a simple engine that is in both primary and secondary balance. This means it can be scaled up to very large sizes without causing excessive vibration.
Most of the engine components and accessories can be located along both sides, rather than on top of or underneath the cylinder banks , meaning that access and maintenance is easier than on a V engine in a truck or industrial configuration.
In addition, a straight-six engine is mechanically simpler than a V6 or V8 since it has only one cylinder head and the overhead camshaft configuration has half as many camshafts.
Mercedes-Benz debuted the OM 3. Caterpillar makes straight-six diesel engines for automotive, industrial, and marine applications. Toyota introduced a straight-six truck diesel engine in , named the 1D, displacing 5.
The H series of straight-six diesel engines were built for nearly 23 years. The engine was offered for Land Cruisers in the 70, 80, and series, as well as in Coaster buses.
In production for more than 23 years with only minor modifications, the 1HZ is still used today in the 70 series and Coaster buses and sold mainly in Australia, Africa, and South America.
Yuchai makes straight-six diesel engines for automotive, industrial, and marine applications. MAN SE produces straight-six diesel and natural gas engines for trucks, buses, off-road, marine and industrial applications up to Scania AB produces straight-six diesel and natural gas engines for trucks, buses, off-road, marine and industrial applications up to 13 litres in capacity.
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